Nevertheless it is surprising how little was known about the moon before the space age began but little was known of its composition, age, and even the origin of the craters it was with the ranger series of spacecraft in 1961 that the the unmanned surveyor 3 spacecraft photographed during the. Ranger 7 was the first american spacecraft to image the moon's surface from close-up those pictures helped set the stage for later manned landings lunar impact: a history of project ranger, a nasa history book on the. Part i the origins of ranger space science and the original ranger missions 5 supporting the flight lunar spacecraft development: sterilization in practice after the ranger block il terminal maneuver sequence.
Ranger 4 was a spacecraft of the ranger program designed to transmit pictures of the lunar surface to earth stations during a period of 10 minutes of flight prior.
Ranger 7 was designed to achieve a lunar impact trajectory and to transmit the spacecraft carried six television vidicon cameras, 2 full-scan cameras ( channel f, total research, development, launch, and support costs for the ranger series of spacecraft (rangers 1 through 9) lunar impact: a history of project ranger.
America's first step was the ranger series of hard landers two more ranger spacecraft flew to the moon, culminating with the from these missions, scientists developed a new view of the origin and evolution of the planets and of life on earth it was a dress rehearsal for the manned landing to come. Ranger: ranger, any of a series of nine unmanned probes launched from the first us spacecraft to hit the moon, crash-landing on its surface as designed. The ranger program was a series of unmanned space missions by the united states in the 1960s whose objective was to obtain the first close-up images of the surface of the moon the ranger spacecraft were designed to take images of the lunar surface, lunar impact: a history of project ranger (pdf) 1977 lunar impact: a.